Periodontics (the related disease referred to as periodontitis) is the branch of dentistry involved in diagnosing, preventing and treating the diseases that attack the gum and bone around the teeth.
The main symptoms of these diseases:
- Blooding and sensitivity of gums during tooth-brushing,
- Build-up of dental plaque or tartar,
- Bad breath or distaste in mouth.
These symptoms are characteristic of gingivitis (gum disease).
If you also notice:
- Recessing gums and exposure of the roots of teeth,
- Loosening of teeth or broadening gaps between teeth,
- Suppuration from gum pockets,
then the inflammation is more serious, affecting tissues located deeper under the gums, and is referred to as suppurative periodontitis.
Gum diseases affect persons aged 20 to 30, or even children. Research shows that gum diseases are the most frequent cause of loss of teeth past age 23. The effect is gradual loss of tissue around the tooth. The diseases progress unnoticed, and its symptoms may be blood noticed during tooth-brushing or flossing, reddening and swelling of gums, recession of gums, bad breath, tartar. When the problem is not diagnosed soon enough, the consequence may be loss of bone around the tooth, resulting in loosening and, finally, loss of the tooth.
This is why diagnosing the disease at a very early stage is crucial for maintaining beautiful and healthy smile.
Early detection of the problem guarantees success of the treatment consisting in:
- Removing irritants
- Anti-inflammatory treatment (flushes, gels, pastes)
- Surgical method – with regeneration of gum tissues